The market for smart phone applications—or “apps”—has emerged as a central battlefront in the global technology industry, with device manufacturers, wireless service providers and software developers ﬁghting it out for a share of this fast-growing market. This contest now has spread to the automotive market, as illustrated at the 2009
Internationale Automobil Ausstellung (IAA) in September, otherwise known as the Frankfurt Motor Show, where BMW, Nokia and Parrot SA all unveiled different approaches to bringing smart-phone apps to cars.
The global automotive industry has entered an exciting phase with OEMs, suppliers and software developers all pushing innovative and unique approaches to add apps to cars, according to iSuppli Corp. For software developers, this opens a whole new domain to sell their apps. For car makers, apps provide new ways to deliver infotainment and telematics services to customers. For motorists, apps allow them to enjoy their infotainment systems to the fullest, while paying only for the applications they want, thus saving them money. With apps so critical to the automotive market, companies are pushing approaches that benefit their specific goals. While the solutions shown at IAA were only concepts, they clearly reflect what will soon be on the market.
The Automaker Approach
BMW used IAA to unveil its newest aspect of its ConnectedDrive offerings: the Concept BMW Application Store. The store offers several different apps to users who can then download them to their iDrive via the car or a home PC and then transfer them to the car. So far, the apps available include multimedia travel guides from Merian, Geowiki, various games, Web radio, podcasts, Facebook, XING and Twitter. The Concept BMW Application Store also allows users to transfer contact data to the navigation system or mobile phone. The apps also are able to pull vehicle-related information, for example, taking the car’s location into account when using the social networking tool XING. BMW in the future also hopes to have a constant stream of new apps available for users.
The Cellular Solution
Leading cell-phone maker Nokia, which recently bought map provider Navteq, introduced its concept approach at IAA as well. Nokia’s approach is more about mobile device integration with the vehicle rather than introducing applications. But it was not just a simple iPod connection or Bluetooth connection that Nokia introduced; rather, it was a cable that brings the entire functionality of the smart phone or other device to the vehicle.
The Nokia Research Center demonstrated that it is developing a cable that connects a phone and the vehicle’s headunit. This would allow for all of the phone’s functions to appear on the vehicle’s headunit display and be controlled by voice, touch screen, or whatever human-machine interface the vehicle uses. Users would be familiar with the user-interface as it would be the same one as on the phone.
Also, since the headunit is usually connected to a car’s Controller Area Network (CAN) bus, the Nokia concept allows for the exchange of information between the device and the vehicle, enabling the display of fuel levels or map-based ADAS alerts. Although Nokia demonstrated a cable, it is developing a system that works by Bluetooth. The demonstration also used a Magneti Marelli headunit, but Nokia stated it can be used with any headunit and any mobile device.
The Supplier Scheme
Wireless equipment supplier Parrot unveiled a new headunit at Frankfurt that is Android-Java-based. The company’s FC6100 module offers automotive implementation of all smart phone features. The headunit itself includes hands-free Bluetooth, A2DP audio streaming, speaker-independent voice recognition, multimedia connectivity, smart track browsing and playlist management, 3G+ Web browsing and 3.0 Wi-Fi and Bluetooth.
While all of these features are appealing, it is the Android/Java based Operating System (OS) that is most intriguing. The Android/Java OS allows for an easily customizable user interface for OEMs, plus a vast open-source community of developers. In fact, applications that are developed for smart phones that use Android can also be used for this module. Developers do not have to develop something separately for the car. This means that hundreds of applications are already available for the module.
Battle for the Planet of the Apps
The various apps solutions shown at IAA provided something for every automotive OEM. For car makers that want to control content and not have to worry about installing new hardware, then BMW’s solution is optimal. If OEMs want to give the customer freedom plus a hardware solution with multiple connectivity pipes, Parrot is the solution. If OEMs want to give that same freedom at a cheaper price with minimal design changes, Nokia’s concept is the way to go.
Whichever way the automakers go, mobile apps are going to become more readily available in the vehicle. Although IAA only showed concepts of how to accomplish this, it is only a matter of time before solutions are realized.
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